STEP 407: Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia: Preventative Intervention for Syncope (CE: 1.0)


This article will explore the physiological and psychological mechanisms which trigger the vasovagal response, techniques for minimizing patient fear and syncope risk during blood draws, and behavioral treatments mitigating the anxiety and fear associated with Blood-Injection-Injury (BII) phobia.


Learning Objectives:

  • Describe the vasovagal response of BII phobia
  • Discuss methods of preventing syncope during phlebotomy procedures
  • Describe psychological treatments for BII phobia



Steven Powden, RPT(AMT)


Launched: 2014